Different types of surrogacy

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Different types of surrogacy

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What is the difference between gestational and traditional surrogacy? In this article you will find helpful info about the different types of surrogacy.

Couples struggling with infertility can use certain procedures and services to help them achieve their dream of conceiving, such as the use of a surrogate carrier.  There are two forms of surrogacy, gestational surrogacy, and traditional surrogacy.

types of surrogacy

Gestational surrogacy is the most common type of surrogacy.  In gestational surrogacy, the surrogate carrier isn’t biologically related to the child being carried.  Rather, gestational surrogacy involves the use of eggs from the intended mother or an egg donor and sperm from the intended father or a sperm donor to form an embryo that is transferred into the uterus of a surrogate cell through in vitro fertilization (“IVF”).  IVF is a process where eggs are fertilized in a lab, and a limited number of resulting embryos are transferred into the uterus of the surrogate, the provider.

A gestational surrogate mother is hunted by a couple as soon as an intended parent wants to have a child and does not have a uterus or has a medical condition that would prevent the mother from safely carrying a baby.  Some of the health conditions or reasons may include abnormalities in the uterine lining, being older than 45, cancer, or diabetes.  An intended parent with such health conditions that would make it difficult to conceive and carry a child of her own might seek out a surrogate to take her biological child.

Many steps are involved for a couple seeking gestational surrogacy.  First, a couple must find a suitable surrogate either through sites, fertility clinics, attorneys, or private bureaus.  The excellent gestational surrogate should be a healthy woman between the ages of 21 and 45 who have had a successful term pregnancy and is emotionally and physically fit.  It’s quite important that the proper screenings take place for both the surrogate and the intended parents.  The right surrogate must undergo a complete history and physical exam, as well as a psychological exam.  The intended parents must also be analyzed to be sure they’re healthy enough to go through the procedures associated with IVF, as well as undergo genetic testing and mental exams.

To increase the chances of a successful fertilization, it’s optimal to be able to extract multiple eggs from the intended mother or egg donor.  This is accomplished through the use of fertility drugs, which are prescribed to increase egg production for the intended mother or egg donor.  After eggs are extracted and then fertilized, they are transferred to the uterus of the surrogate carrier, with the expectation of implantation in the uterine wall.  Тhе surrоgаtе rеlеаsеs thе bаbу tо thе соuрlе right after birth.

The other type of surrogacy is traditional surrogacy.  In traditional surrogacy, the child is genetically related to the surrogate because the surrogate’s egg is used to make the child.  Eggs in the surrogate are combined with sperm in the male partner or donor sperm to make an embryo.  Traditional surrogacy used to be the only option for intended parents who had to use a surrogate.  This sort of surrogacy may lead to pregnancy through the use of varying procedures.  Two of these procedures include the use of intrauterine insemination (“IUI’s”) or cervical inseminations (“ICI’s”).  IUI is a fertility treatment that uses a catheter to place lots of washed sperm directly into the uterus.  An ICI is where a small catheter is used to deposit semen close, but not inside, the cervix.  Many intended parents decide to use a gestational surrogate due to the genetic link between the conventional surrogate and the child she is carrying.  Some surrogates might find it tough to detach from the baby because of the genetic relationship.  Additionally, there might be greater legal protection for the parents in a gestational surrogacy.

To be able to secure the rights and responsibilities of all parties involved, from the surrogate provider, the intended parents or parents, an attorney is needed to prepare all legal documents before any procedures begin.  The surrogate and egg donor should also have independent legal counsel for the intended parents.